International Chemical Safety Cards

ETHANETHIOL ICSC: 0470
ETHANETHIOL
Ethyl mercaptan
Thioethyl alcohol
C2H5SH
Molecular mass: 62.13
CAS # 75-08-1 0
RTECS # KI9625000
ICSC # 0470
UN # 2363
EC # 016-022-00-9
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves.
    Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (See Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids. Cool.

    F symbol
    Xn symbol
    R: 11-20
    S: (2-)16-25
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0470 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ETHANETHIOL ICSC: 0470

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic fumes including sulfur oxides and hydrogen sulfide. The substance is a weak acid. Reacts with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with strong acids with the evolution of toxic and flammable hydrogen sulphide.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: 0.5 ppm; 1.3 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1995-1996).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system , resulting in convulsions and respiratory failure.


    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 36C
    Melting point: -144.4C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.839
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20C: 0.68
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 589
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.14
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.5
    Flash point: -48.3C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 299C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.8-18.2
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-688
    NFPA Code: H2; F4; R0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0470 ETHANETHIOL
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.