International Chemical Safety Cards

PENTACHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0531
PENTACHLOROBENZENE
QCB
1,2,3,4,5-Pentachlorobenzene
C6HCl5
Molecular mass: 250.3
CAS # 608-93-5
RTECS # DA6640000
ICSC # 0531
EC # 602-074-00-5

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION


EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!

  • INHALATION
  • see Ingestion.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest.
  • SKIN

  • Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES

  • Safety spectacles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Drowsiness. Weakness. Tremor.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles).
    Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from acids.

    F symbol
    Xn symbol
    R: 11-22
    S: (2-)41-46-50
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0531 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1995

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    PENTACHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0531

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO WHITE CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating or on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the liver and kidneys , resulting in tissue lesions. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects upon human reproduction.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 275-277C
    Melting point: 86C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.8
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 25C: about 2
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 8.6
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20C (air = 1): 1.00
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 5.03-5.63
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to its persistence in soil and its adsorption on water sediments. In the food chain important to humans, bioaccumulation takes place, specifically in fish, milk, plants and animals. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment.
    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The relation between odour and the occupational exposure limit cannot be indicated.
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0531 PENTACHLOROBENZENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1995
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.