International Chemical Safety Cards

ZINC PHOSPHIDE ICSC: 0602
ZINC PHOSPHIDE
Trizinc diphosphide
Zn3P2
Molecular mass: 258.1
CAS # 1314-84-7
RTECS # ZH4900000
ICSC # 0602
UN # 1714
EC # 015-006-00-9
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air.
NO contact with acid(s), water or oxidants.
Powder. Dry sand. NO water. NO carbon dioxide or halons.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water but NO direct contact with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Diarrhoea. Headache. Fatigue. Nausea. Vomiting.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN

  • Protective gloves.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
  • EYES

  • Safety goggles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Cough. Diarrhoea. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Ataxia. Fatigue.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Sweep spilled substance into containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from strong oxidants, acids, water. Cool. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room.

    F symbol
    T+ symbol
    R: 15/29-28-32
    S: 3/9/14-30-36/37-45
    UN Haz Class: 4.3
    UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1
    UN Pack Group: I
    Marine pollutant.
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0602 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    ZINC PHOSPHIDE ICSC: 0602

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    M
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    D
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    A

    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    DARK GREY CRYSTALS OR POWDER , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on contact with acids or water producing toxic and flammable fumes of phosphorous and zinc oxides, and phosphine. Reacts violently with strong oxidants causing fire hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly specially if powdered.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the respiratory tract. Inhalation of phosphine liberated from zinc phosphide may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The substance may cause effects on the liver, kidneys, heart and nervous system. Exposure at high levels may result in death.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 1100°C
    Melting point: 420°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 4.6
    Solubility in water: none, slowly decomposes
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to birds, fish and mammals.
    NOTES
    Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water and carbon dioxide. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. Blue-ox, Kilrat, Mouse-Con, Ratol, Rumetan and Zinc-Tox are trade names. Also consult ICSC # 0694 for Phosphine.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G13A
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 3; R 1;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0602 ZINC PHOSPHIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.