International Chemical Safety Cards

BUTYLENE OXIDE (STABILIZED) ICSC: 0636
BUTYLENE OXIDE (STABILIZED)
1,2-Butene oxide
1,2-Epoxybutane
Ethyloxirane
C4H8O
Molecular mass: 72.12
CAS # 106-88-7
RTECS # EK3675000
ICSC # 0636
UN # 3022
EC # 603-102-00-9

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Highly flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Foam, alcohol-resistant foam, powder, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with oxidants, acid(s), metal chlorides.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding).
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
AVOID ALL CONTACT!

  • INHALATION
  • Confusion. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Sore throat. Unconsciousness.
    Closed system and ventilation.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. (See Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area in case of large spills! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: filter respirator for organic vapours of low boiling compounds).
    Fireproof. Separated from incompatible material. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Store only if stabilized.
    Airtight.
    F symbol
    Xn symbol
    R: 11-20/21/22-36/37/38-40
    S: (2-)9-16-29-36/37
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0636 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    BUTYLENE OXIDE (STABILIZED) ICSC: 0636

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance may polymerize on contact with acids, alkalies, tin, aluminium and iron chlorides, with fire or explosion hazard. Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Exposure at high level could cause lowering of consciousness.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the nervous system. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 63.3°C
    Melting point: -130°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.83
    Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25°C: 9.5
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 18.8
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.2
    Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.3
    Flash point: -22°C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 439°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 3.9-20.6
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.416
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Insufficient data are available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert. Vapours are uninhibited and may polymerize, blocking valves and vents.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G30
    NFPA Code: H2; F3; R2;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0636 BUTYLENE OXIDE (STABILIZED)
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.