International Chemical Safety Cards

CHLOROACETONITRILE ICSC: 0844
CHLOROACETONITRILE
Chloroethanenitrile
Monochloroacetonitrile
Chloromethylcyanide
C2H2ClN/ClCH2CN
Molecular mass: 75.50
CAS # 107-14-2
RTECS # AL8225000
ICSC # 0844
UN # 2668
EC # 608-008-00-1
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames. NO contact with hot surfaces.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Above 56°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 56°C use a closed system, ventilation.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Headache. Laboured breathing. Sore throat. Unconsciousness.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness (further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Redness.
    Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Burning sensation (further see Inhalation).
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer.
    Separated from l strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids, food and feedstuffs. Tightly closed. Cool. Ventilation along the floor.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 23/24/25
    S: 44
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0844 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    CHLOROACETONITRILE ICSC: 0844

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    On contact with hot surfaces or flames this substance decomposes forming toxic and flammable vapours. Reacts with strong oxidants, reducing agents, acids, bases, steam, producing highly toxic and flammable fumes.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin, and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration , resulting in vital function deficiency.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 126°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.19
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 1.15
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.61
    Flash point: 56°C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.0-?
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish.
    NOTES
    Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. Also consult ICSC # 0088.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G17
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0844 CHLOROACETONITRILE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.