International Chemical Safety Cards

p-NITROCHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0846
p-NITROCHLOROBENZENE
1-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene
PCNB
PNCB
NO2C6H4Cl
Molecular mass: 157.56
CAS # 100-00-5
RTECS # CZ1050000
ICSC # 0846
UN # 1578
EC # 610-005-00-5
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. See Notes.
NO open flames.
Powder, water spray, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.

Combat fire from a sheltered position.
EXPOSURE
STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Headache. Faintness. Vertigo. Weakness.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! (further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES

  • Safety goggles, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • (further see Inhalation).

    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!).
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from combustible and reducing substances, food and feedstuffs. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 23/24/25-33
    S: 28-37-44
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0846 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    p-NITROCHLOROBENZENE ICSC: 0846

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    YELLOWISH CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic gases (nitrogen oxides, hydrochloric acid, phosgene and chlorine). The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. Reacts with many substances causing fire and explosion hazard.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as TWA): 0.1 ppm; 0.64 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1991-1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance may cause effects on the blood.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. The substance may have effects on the blood , resulting in forming of methaemoglobin (see Notes).
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 242C
    Melting point: 82-84C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.3
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, Pa at 30C: 20
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.44
    Flash point: 127C (c.c.)C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 510C
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.39
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    NOTES
    Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-877
    NFPA Code: H3; F1; R2;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0846 p-NITROCHLOROBENZENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.