International Chemical Safety Cards

2,2-DICHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE ICSC: 0869
2,2-DICHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE
Dichloroacetyl chloride
C2HCl3O / Cl2CHCOCl
Molecular mass: 147.4
CAS # 79-36-7
RTECS # AO6650000
ICSC # 0869
UN # 1765
EC # 607-067-00-0

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames. NO contact with water.
Powder, carbon dioxide. NO water.
EXPLOSION Above 66C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
Above 66C use a closed system, ventilation.
In case of fire: cool drums, etc., by spraying with water but avoid contact of the substance with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Sore throat. Cough. Burning sensation. Shortness of breath. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes).
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Pain. Redness. Blisters. Skin burns.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    First rinse with plenty of water, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Pain. Redness. Severe deep burns. Loss of vision. ALT I
    Face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Burning sensation. Abdominal cramps. Shock or collapse.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give nothing to drink. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from strong oxidants, strong bases, food and feedstuffs, alcohols, water. Dry. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    C symbol
    R: 35
    S: (1/2-)9-26-45
    UN Hazard Class: 8
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0869 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    2,2-DICHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE ICSC: 0869

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS TO YELLOW FUMING LIQUID , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating and on contact with moisture, metal powder, producing toxic fumes of hydrogen chloride, phosgene , causing fire and explosion hazard. Reacts with strong oxidants, alcohols, water. Attacks many metals forming flammable/explosive gas (Hydrogen - see ICSC # 0001).

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.
    MAK not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    No indication can be given about the rate in which a harmful concentration in the air is reached on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Tear drawing. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of the substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes). Exposure may result in death.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 107-108C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.5
    Solubility in water: decomposes
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 20C: 3.1
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 5.1
    Flash point: 66C
    Auto-ignition temperature: 585C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 11.9-?
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water.
    NOTES
    Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80G14
    NFPA Code: H3; F2; R1; W
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0869 2,2-DICHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.