International Chemical Safety Cards

p-NITROTOLUENE ICSC: 0932
p-NITROTOLUENE
4-Nitrotoluene
1-Methyl-4-nitrobenzene
p-Methylnitrobenzene
C7H7NO2/C6H4(CH3)NO2
Molecular mass: 137.1
CAS # 99-99-0
RTECS # XT3325000
ICSC # 0932
UN # 1664
EC # 609-006-00-3
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion.
NO open flames.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

  • INHALATION
  • Blue lips or finger nails. Blue skin. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Sore throat.
    Local exhaust or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain (further see Inhalation).
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
  • EYES
  • Redness. Pain.
    Safety goggles, face shield, or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Abdominal pain. Blue lips or fingernails. Blue skin. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Sore throat. Unconsciousness.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into containers. Carefully collect remainder, then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from combustible and reducing substances, strong oxidants, strong bases, strong acids, food and feedstuffs. Tightly closed. Cool. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
    Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    T symbol
    R: 23/24/25-33
    S: 28-37-44
    UN Hazard Class: 6.1
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0932 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    p-NITROTOLUENE ICSC: 0932

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    YELLOW CRYSTALS , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides). Reacts violently with strong oxidizers or sulfuric acid causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV (as TWA): 2 ppm; 11 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1991-1992).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The substance irritates the eyes, the skin, and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting in formation of methaemoglobin. Exposure may result in death. The effects may be delayed (see Notes). Medical observation is indicated.

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    The substance may have effects on the liver and kidney , resulting in injury.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 238°C
    Melting point: 53-54°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.29
    Solubility in water: none
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 65°C: 0.173
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.72
    Flash point: 106°C
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.41
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water.
    NOTES
    Explosive limits are unknown in literature. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. The relation between odour and the occupational exposure limit cannot be indicated.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-879
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 1; R 0;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0932 p-NITROTOLUENE
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.