International Chemical Safety Cards

FURAN ICSC: 1257
FURAN
Furfuran
Divinylene oxide
Oxacyclopentadiene
C4H4O
Molecular mass: 68.1
CAS # 110-00-9
RTECS # LT8524000
ICSC # 1257
UN # 2389

TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Extremely flammable.
NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO smoking.
Powder, alcohol-resistant foam, water spray, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling. Use non-sparking handtools.
In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!

  • INHALATION
  • Cough. Sore throat.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Redness.

    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.
  • EYES

  • Safety spectacles.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION

  • Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.

    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer (extra personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, acids. Cool. Well closed. Store only if stabilized.
    Airtight.
    UN Hazard Class: 3
    UN Packing Group: I
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 1257 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    FURAN ICSC: 1257

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID, TURNING BROWN UPON STANDING , WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:
    The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance can form explosive peroxides upon contact with air. Reacts violently with oxidants and acids causing fire and explosion hazard. Fire hazard upon exposure to heat or flame.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV not established.


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by inhalation of its aerosol, and through the skin.

    INHALATION RISK:
    A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20C.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    The vapour irritates the respiratory tract. Inhalation of the vapour may cause lung oedema (see Notes).

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point: 31.3C
    Melting point: -85.6C
    Relative density (water = 1): 0.94
    Solubility in water: poor
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.3
    Flash point: -35C
    Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.3-14.3
    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.34
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA

    N O T E S
    The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray, by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her, should be considered. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert. Check for peroxides prior to distillation; eliminate if found.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30G30
    NFPA Code: H1; F4; R1;
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 1257 FURAN
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.